The development of a child is usually divided into seven growth and development stages, which are fetal, neonatal, infant, toddler, preschool age, adolescence and adulthood. Infancy from 0 to 1 year old is the most rapid period of human growth and development, commonly known as the “first golden period”, and adolescence is the “second golden period” of human development, which shows how important infancy is to human growth and development.
The infant baby grows and develops rapidly, and the nutrition intake should not only meet the needs of its metabolism, but also ensure the physical growth and the development of various organs. As the function of digestion and absorption in infancy is not perfect yet, the body and the environment have not been well adapted to each other or balance each other, so reasonable nutrition and feeding are especially important.
First of all, babies are preferred to breastfeed. The World Health Organization recommends exclusive breastfeeding for six months. Human milk nutrients are complete, and easy to digest and absorb. Breast milk is rich in immune substances such as SIgA, lactoferrin, lysozyme and so on, which can improve the anti-infection ability of infants and prevent milk protein allergy. This feeding method is convenient and economical, can also enhance the relationship between mother and child, promote maternal recovery, and reduce the baby’s potential risk of obesity. Pigeon baby products provide a good infrastructure for breastfeeding.
Whether breastfeeding or milk powder feeding, infants over 6 months also need to add reasonable complementary food, from thin to thick, from fine to coarse, from less to more. After the baby is accustomed to a kind of food, then add another kind, feeding to try many times at the beginning, do not add oil, salt and other condiments within 1 year old. Babies with a variety of complementary foods are not easy to be picky when they grow up.
In addition, timely supplementation of vitamin D is very important. Vitamin D is essential for calcium metabolism and bone development in infants. A deficiency can lead to rickets and abnormal bone development. As breast milk contains less than a tenth of the recommended intake, babies need extra vitamin D between 7 and 15 days of life. Vitamin D is also synthesized from sunlight, and deficiency can be prevented by basking in the sun for 1-2 hours daily.
In addition, the baby’s complementary food adds high iron content. Full-term babies have around 300 mg of iron reserves brought from the mother, which can prevent iron deficiency in the first four months of life, but will be wasted by 4-6 months. After 6 months, the recommended intake of iron for babies is 10mg/ day, so high-iron rice powder can be used as the first choice of supplemental food for babies to reduce the risk of iron deficiency.
Nutrition is indispensable to human growth and development. Let’s work together to provide a healthy growth environment and body foundation for our baby.